Chongqing is imbued with a long history. The unearthed fossils of Wushan Man had been under the land of Chongqing for 2 million years. When they were discovered, they revealed to the world the origins of eastern civilization. The relics of the Tongliang Culture date back some 20,000 years. They give us a glimpse of human activity during the Paleolithic period. Winding down the river of history, we see that Chongqing became the capital of the State of Ba from the 11th century BC to 316 BC. Since its founding, the State of Ba intermittently clashed with the State of Chu, until it was conquered by the State of Qin which swept across the country and finally unified China. The State of Ba became Ba Commandery during the Qin dynasty (221-207 BC) and then Jiang Prefecture when the Han dynasty (202 BC – 220 AD) replaced the Qin. During the Wei, Jin and Northern and Southern Dynasties (220-589 AD), it was renamed several times, including Jing Prefecture, Yi Prefecture, Ba Prefecture and Chu Prefecture.
Chongqing has been the capital three times and a municipality under the direct administration of the central government three times. During the Sino-Japanese War, it was the “temporary capital”, and overcame the crisis with the whole of the Chinese nation together. Today, Chongqing is actively contributing to the modernization of the country and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.